Policy Changes CLR11 to LCRM

27th September 2022

In October 2020, the Environment Agency (EA) published a new set of guidance documents on the management of Land Contamination. Land Contamination Risk Management (LCRM) replaced the long standing risk assessment and remediation methodology set out in CLR11, which has been formally withdrawn.

The assessment of land contamination as set out in CLR11 is widely accepted as a robust and technically appropriate assessment tool, therefore the purpose of the EAs update to the guidance was not to provide an alternative assessment methodology, but to provide a more simplified and accessible guidance document, which is clearer, more concise and more current.  

LCRM is aimed at anyone that may need to manage or deal with land contamination, including landowners, developers, planners and regulators. The EA hopes that the guidance is a more intuitive approach to the management of land contamination and includes up-to-date terminology to advise users on “how to assess if there is an unacceptable risk, decide which options are the most suitable to manage the risk, plan and implement remediation if needed and verify the work completed”

The guidance is now be presented as four webpage guides:

LCRM: Before you Start sets out the EA’s expectations in terms of how land contamination is assessed for a range of regulatory and management contexts. It also sets out the EAs expectations on using Suitably Qualified Professionals to ensure that all legislative requirements and necessary standards related to managing land contamination are met, that reports submitted are of the quality the EA expects and that there is therefore a better chance of ‘getting it right first time’.

As with CLR11, LCRM uses a staged risk-based approach. There are three stages, which are broken down into tiers as follows:

Stage 1: Risk Assessment

The three tiers are:

  1. Preliminary risk assessment.
  2. Generic quantitative risk assessment.
  3. Detailed quantitative risk assessment.
    Stage 1 includes information for Phase 1 Desk Studies and Phase 2 Site Investigations and is the building block for all ongoing risk-based assessments. This is an area in which Lustre Consulting can provide a specialist and tailored service for our clients to ensure that your project gets off to the best possible start.

Stage 2: Options Appraisal

There are three steps to follow:

  1. Identify feasible remediation options.
  2. Do a detailed evaluation of options.
  3. Select the final remediation option.
    Lustre Consulting has vast experience and expertise in identifying and assessing all viable remedial options for sites and selecting the final remedial options based on both their cost effectiveness and environmentally sustainable merits.

Stage 3: Remediation and Verification

There are four steps to follow.

  1. Develop a remediation strategy.
  2. Remediate.
  3. Produce a verification report.
  4. Do long term monitoring and maintenance, if required.

One of the major terminology changes throughout the three stages of assessment set out in LCRM is the move away from the use of the term pollutant linkage and its replacement with the term contaminant linkage. Furthermore, in terms of updates and improvements from CLR11, the site investigation section in Risk Assessment section of LCRM is now in line with British Standards terminology and a new section on unexploded ordnance has been added.

More clarity is also provided on the relationship between Soil Guideline Values and Category 4 Screening Levels as well as the EA’s Monitoring Certification Scheme MCERTS and Rapid Measuring Techniques. Information on piling has been added, along with a new section on risk communication. There is also now more emphasis on adopting a sustainable approach throughout the process using for example, the sustainable remediation methodology, the SURF-UK Framework.

Another benefit of the new LCRM is that it provides external links to further learning documents to support the risk assessment process and links to additional assessment tools, such as CL:AIRE GWSDAT programme, which helps assessors visualise and interpret groundwater monitoring data and hydrogeological risk assessment guidance tools such as the Remedial Targets Methodology
and Land contamination groundwater compliance points: quantitative risk assessments.

Since its introduction in October 2020, LCRM has been generally well received across the industry, which reflects the fact that it has not strayed too far from the phased approach of CLR11. In April 2021 Natural Resource Wales (NRW) adopted LCRM, with the Northern Ireland Environment Agency following suit.
Lustre Consulting has been working to LCRM since its introduction in October 2020 and has qualified consultants ready to help you with your contaminated land assessments.

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